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Friday, June 10, 2011

BRAHMIN COMMUNITIES


The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from Northern India and considered to be North of Vindhya mountains and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from South of Vindhya mountains as per the shloka. However, this sloka is from Rajatarangini of Kalhana, which was composed only in the 11th century CE.

कर्णाटकाश्च तैलंगा द्राविडा महाराष्ट्रकाः,

गुर्जराश्चेति पञ्चैव द्राविडा विन्ध्यदक्षिणे ||

सारस्वताः कान्यकुब्जा गौडा उत्कलमैथिलाः,

पन्चगौडा इति ख्याता विन्ध्स्योत्तरवासिनः ||[11]

Translation: Karnataka (Kannada), Telugu (Andhra), Dravida (Tamil and Kerala), Maharashtra and Gujarat are Five Southern (Panch Dravida). Saraswata, Kanyakubja, Gauda, Utkala (Orissa), Maithili are Five Northern (Pancha Gauda). This classification occurs in Rajatarangini of Kalhana and earlier in some inscriptions[12]

Pancha-Gauda

Main article: Pancha-Gauda

Those from Uttarapatha (Aryavarta) (northern and eastern India.)

.

Utkal(Odisha)

  • Utkala Brahmin

The Sanskrit textBrāhmaṇotpatti-Mārtaṇḍa by Pt. Harikrishna Śāstri mentions according to which a king named Utkala invited brahmins from Gangetic Valley for performing a yajna in Jagannath-Puri in Orissa; when the yajna ended the invited brahmins laid the foundation of the Lord Jagannath there and settled there for serving the Lord in around Orissa, Jharkhand, Medinipur.

The Utkala Brahmins are of three classes 1) Shrautiya(vaidika) 2) Ashrautiya or (Sevayata) and 3)Halua Brahman.Again there are sub-classes in these three classes

Maithil Brahmin (Mithila)

  • Maithil Brahmins

Pancha-Dravida (Five Southern)

Those from Dakshinapatha (Karnataka, Andhra, Maharashtra, Dravida(Tamilnadu, kerala and Gujarat).

Andhra Pradesh

Brahmins of Andhra Pradesh are broadly classified into 2 groups: Vaidiki Brahmins (meaning educated in vedas and performing religious vocations) and Niyogi (performing only secular vocation). They are further divided into several sub-castes. However, majority of the Brahmins, both Vaidika and Niyogi, perform only secular professions.[13]

  • Vishwabrahmins (Viśvákarma)

Vaidiki Brahmins are further divided in to Velanadu, Venginadu, Mulukanadu Brahmins, Kosalanadu etc. There is another sub-section "Dravida" made up of Tamil Brahmins who had migrated to Andhra Pradesh.

Gujarat

Gurjara Brāhmans: The Brāhmans of Gujarāt, of whom two subcastes are found in the Central Provinces. The first consists of the Khedāwāls, named after Kheda, a village in Gujarāt, who are a strictly orthodox class holding a good position in the caste. And the second are the Nāgar Brāhmans, who have been long settled in Nimār and the adjacent tracts, and act as village priests and astrologers. Their social status is somewhat lower.[14]

  • Trivedi Mewada Brahmin
  • Rajgor Brahmin
  • Bhatt Mewada Brahmin , are from Rajasthan
  • Chauriyasi Mewada Brahmin
  • Saurashtra Trivedi Mewad Brahmin
  • Saurashtra Bhatt Mewada Brahmin
  • Pushkarna Brahmin
  • Nagar Brahmin
  • Audichya Brahmin
  • Sahastra Audichya Gorwal Brahmin
  • Modh Brahmin
  • Girinarayan Brahmin
  • Shrimali Brahman
  • Sachora Brahmin
  • Anavil Brahmin
  • Sidhra-Rudhra Brahmins
  • Sree gauda Brahmin
  • Rajgor Brahmin Basically comes from Rajeshtan .. edited by Jitendra Ravia
  • Prashnora Brahmin
  • Kanaujiya or Kanyakumbj Brahmin migrated from kanoj,entered in kutch via sindh along with lohanas have surname Bhatt in kutch,divided as bhuvdiyas,vondhiyas,sandhliyas according to their village temple.others in Gujarat mainly found in jamnagar,morbi,junaghath and rajkot.surnames like Bhatt,Kaileyas,bhaglani,pingal,lakhlani,ghediya etc are common.

  • Maharashtra
  • Deshastha Brahmin
  • Chitpavan Brahmin (Konkanastha)
  • Karhade Brahmin
  • Devrukhe Brahmin
  • Daivajñas or Daivadnyas Brahmin
  • Sarswat Brahmin

Karnataka

Karnāta Brāhmans: The Brāhmans of the Carnatic, or the Canarese country. The Canarese area comprises the Mysore State, and the British Districts of Canara, Dharwar and Belgaum.[15]

  • Kannada Brahmins
    • Babbur Kamme Brahmins
    • Badaganadu Brahmins
    • Deshastha Brahmin
    • Havyaka Brahmin
    • Hasan Iyengars
    • Hebbar Iyengars
    • Hoysala Karnataka Brahmins
    • Karhade Brahmin
    • Koota Brahmins
    • Vishwakarma Brahmins[16]
    • Madhva Brahmins
    • Mandyam Iyengars
    • Mysore Iyengars
    • Niyogi Brahmins
    • Panchagrama Brahmin
    • Sankethi Brahmins
    • Shukla Yajurveda Brahmins
    • Smartha Brahmins
    • Srivaishnava Brahmins
    • Sthanika Brahmins
    • Ulucha Kamme Brahmins
  • Mysore Iyers
  • Ashtagrama iyers
  • Tuluva Brahmins[17]
    • Kandavara Brahmins
    • Karhade Brahmins
    • Maratha Brahmins
    • Padia Brahmins
    • Saklapuri Brahmins
    • Shivalli Brahmins
    • Smartha Shivalli Brahmins
    • Sthanika Brahmins

Tamil Nadu

  • Iyengars (sub-divided into Vadakalai and Thenkalai)
  • Sathatha Sri Vaishnavas (sathani,chattani,chattata sri vaishnavas)
  • Iyers (sub-divided further into Vadama, Vathima, Brahacharanam, Ashtasahasram, Gurukkal, Dikshitar, Kaniyalar, Prathamasaki, dravida brahmins)
  • Vishwabrahmins (Viśvákarma)

Kerala

  • Namboothiri Brahmins
  • Kerala Iyers
  • Embranthiri
  • Pushpaka Brahmins (Ambalavasis}
  • Sharada Brahmins
  • Vishwabrahmins (Viśvákarma)
  • Nagariks or the Brahmin migrants from north India

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